Leer jou kind om self ‘n toespraak te skryf – stap vir stap

Dis weer daardie tyd van die kwartaal wanneer ma’s naarstigtelik Googleloer opsoek na raad met hulle kinders se toesprake. In ‘n vorige bloginskrywing het ek redelik gal gebraak oor Graad 1’tjies wat nog nie kan lees of skryf nie, maar van wie verwag word om ‘n ATKV-toespraak te resiteer.

Dit lyk darem asof die Department van Onderwys of dalk die skole self herbesin het, want die afgelope paar jaar (sedert Covid met ons is) het die kinders in ons familie se toespraakformaat verander. Die jonger grade kry net ‘n onderwerp waaroor hulle ‘n minuut hoef te praat – wat ‘n baie meer sinvolle oefening is, want hulle kan baie van die werk self doen!

In hierdie skrywe gaan ek net op die kleiner grade fokus, want as hulle vroeg-vroeg toesprake (wat eintlik net praatjies is) onder die knie kry, sal hulle dit in die later grade met gemak self kan doen. Hier is stap-vir-stap raad vir pa’s en ma’s om sommer vinnig met toespraakmaak klaar te speel.

Graad 1 en 2

Gewoonlik stuur die onderwyser/es ‘n nota wat met die tema/s, lengte en moets en moenies vir elke toespraak aandui. Volg dié stappe om jou kind beide sy Afrikaanse en Engelse praatjies te leer doen:

Versamel informasie

  • Lees vir jou kind die riglyne deur.
  • Laat hom een van die temas kies – verkieslik een waaroor hy die meeste weet.
  • Laat hom alles wat hy graag oor die onderwerp wil sê, vir jou opnoem.
  • Luister aandagtig en vra hom vrae oor die onderwerp om sy denke te stimuleer.
  • Indien nodig, Googleloer maar vir ‘n bietjie meer informasie as dit oor ‘n onderwerp is waar feite genoem moet word.
  • Skryf elke punt neer.
  • Skryf/tik nou ‘n elke punt in ‘n kort sin oor.
  • Rangskik die sinne sodat dit ‘n goeie volgorde het.
  • Maak seker die eerste sin trek aandag. Gebruik ‘n uitroep of humor.
  • Help met ‘n bietjie humor in die toespraak.
  • Skryf ‘n definitiewe laaste sin van een van die punte wat hy genoem het vir ‘n goeie einde.
  • Lees die toespraak ‘n paar keer deur om te sien of dit ‘ritme’ het, sodat jou kind dit maklik kan weergee.
  • Indien dit moeilik lees, maak veranderinge.
  • Redigeer die stuk sodat dit foutloos is.
  • Merk belangrike woorde in BOLD en/of gebruik kleur.

NOTA: 200 woorde lewer ongeveer ‘n 1,5 minuut toespraak, afhangende van die tempo.

Neem die toespraak op

  • Gebruik die stemopnemer op jou foon en lees die toespraak voor. Sit stemtoonverandering in waar nodig, maar moet dit nie oordramatiseer, sodat jou kind soos ‘n papegaai klink nie.
  • Speel dit oor en oor vir jou kind totdat hy die woorde uit sy kop ken.

Maak hulpkaarte

  • Gebruik die getikte toespraak, vergroot die font, voeg spasies tussen natuurlike paragrawe in en knip die geskrewe toespraak in ‘n gepaste grootte vir die klein handjies.
  • Nommer elke kaartjie. (Daar behoort tussen vyf en sewe kaartjies te wees.)

Oefen die toespraak

  • Help jou kind om die toespraak op te sê met behulp van die kaartjie. Maak seker die nommers is groter as die sinne, sodat hy die volgorde maklik kan volg.
  • Leer hom om oogkontak te maak terwyl hy praat en die kaartjies slegs ondersteunend te gebruik.
  • Gebruik ten minste een hulpmiddel. Dit kan ‘n foto of ‘n speelding wees wat by die tema pas. Wys hom presies hoe en wanneer hy die hulpmiddel moet gebruik.

As julle al hierdie stappe volg, behoort hy goeie punte te kry – dalk self “half tien” soos ons Graadeentjie toe hy nege-en-‘n-half uit tien gekry het!

Graad 3 en 4

  • Noudat jou kind gemaklik is met sinne skryf, kan hy al ‘n groter deel van die werk self doen.
  • Volg die bogenoemde stappe, maar laat hy self sy sinne skryf.
  • Doen die tik- en redigeerwerk en help met die rangskikking van die orde.
  • Help ook met ‘n aandag-trek begin en ‘n goeie einde.
  • Neem die toespraak in die kind se stem op as hy al goed genoeg lees. (Doen dit andersins self.)
  • Laat hy die toespraak leer totdat hy dit vlot kan lewer.
  • Maak genommerde kaartjies ter ondersteuning en fokus op oogkontak en dat hy nie die hele toespraak aflees nie.
  • Gebruik hulpmiddels.

Graad 5 en hoër

  • Jou kind behoort nou langer praatjies/toesprake self te kan skryf. Vra vrae en speel duiwelsadvokaat om jou kind te leer om beredeneerd te dink.
  • Sit hand by met veilige internetsoektogte en gee raad oor struktuur en volgorde.

Hier is ‘n voorbeeld van ‘n struktuur van ‘n redenaarstoespraak.

Kliek hier vir persone wat hulp verskaf met die skryf van redenaarstoesprake vir jou ouer kinders en kry hier wenke as hy dit self skryf.

***

Voorbeeld van ‘n Afrikaanse praatjie

As my boetie bad

(voorbeeld van toespraakkaartjies)

1

Dis net sploesh-splash, sploesh-splash

wanneer my boetie bad

en dan is alles sopnat!

2

My boetie is vyf jaar oud

en ek en hy bad elke aand saam.

3

Party aande speel ons lekker

met ons bootjies in die water,

maar ander aande raak hy heeltemal laf!

4

Dan wil hy in die bad duik of lê

en dan vat hy soveel plek

dat ek met my boud

op die prop moet sit! Dis eina!

5

Sommige aande stoei ons in die bad

en dan sien jy net water spat!

Ek klim gewoonlik maar vroeër uit

sodat hy lekker alleen verder kan speel.

6

Hy maak dan sy hele kop vol skuim

en blaas borrels daarmee!

7

Dis nie altyd lekker om saam met my kleinboetie

in die bad te wees nie,

maar dis darem lekker om te sien

hy geniet sy badtyd terdeë!

***

Voorbeeld van ‘n Engelse praatjie

My Superpower

(Example of speech cards)

1

Superheroes are very cool!

Superman is strong and can fly.

Batman is rich and clever.

Spiderman can swing between buildings.

And Ant-Man is small enough to get in anywhere.

2

Most superheroes have only one or two superpowers.

They save people’s lives and do brave deeds.

I like watching movies about superheroes

and my little brother dresses up as Spiderman every day!

3

I love superheroes and I like what they do,

because they always beat the bad guys.

But the thing with superheroes is

that they are only imaginary.

4

I sometimes dream about having superpowers.

I would love to be strong

or to fly

or to shrink myself

or make myself big,

but I can’t,

because I am a real person

and not living in a movie or a book.

5

But we can have superpowers

and we are better than superheroes,

because we are real!

6

All we have to do is

find our superpowers.

7

I like to be kind

and to be helpful.

I like to comfort people when they are sad.

So, I think my superpower is to help people

and I always want to use it

to make people around me happy.

Vir ‘n meer volledige uiteensetting van toesprake vir redenaarskompetisies, lees hierdie bloginskrywing en volg hierdie wenke.

Kliek hier vir hulp met die skryf van redenaarstoesprake vir jou ouer kinders.

***

© 2021 Fielies De Kock

Vrou, ma, blogger. My kinderboek, Yeovangya’s Quest, en my en ons seun se eerste boek saam, 125 Creative Writing Prompts for Petrolheads, is op Amazon beskikbaar.

My Children’s Book, Yeovangya’s Quest, is now available on Amazon Kindle

Yeovangya’s Quest is now available in eBook and paperbook formats

My children’s book, Yeovangya’s Quest, is now available to purchase on Amazon Kindle Books in both eBook and paperback formats.

Yeovangya’s Quest is the true fairy tale of a princess past her ‘marriage age’ who doesn’t want to marry through arrangement, but only for true love – just like her parents did. She decides to determine the outcome of her future herself, by embarking on a journey looking for the love of her life. She concocts a plan with her father’s confidant, cuts her hair, dresses as a boy and sets off with her two closest companions – Blaffi, her brave and loyal dog, and Prr, the lazy, upstairs palace cat. Together they face many adventures and dangers, such as a dual with a man who can’t handle his beer, almost becoming lunch to a hungry lion, being attacked by three bad princes and even being shipwrecked.

Yeovangya finds more than what she looked for. She learns about her own weaknesses and about the consequences of selfishness. Above all, she learns to love in more ways than she expected to. She experiences abundant joy and the hurt of loss and having to let go – before she eventually learns to embrace what life offers.

Yeovangya’s Quest (a 10-chapter book) is good, clean reading, packed with adventure and action and even contains a few life lessons, and is perfect for young readers between the ages of 9 and 14.

Yeovangya’s Quest has enough action to keep boys’ attention captive and plentiful romance for girls of all ages.

(If you are a Kindle Unlimited subscriber, you can read the book for free. Kindle Unlimited is available at a monthly cost on Amazon and if subscribed, works pretty much like a library – except that the author gets paid for the amount of pages lenders read per book. This is just to tell you how it works and is not an advertisement. Unfortunately, otherwise I would have gotten paid for it. Smile.)

Purchase your copy of Yeovangya’s Quest here.

Yeovangya’s Quest is now also available in paperback.

Remember, when you purchase an eBook, it stays in your library where it can be read over and over again. So, all your children – over the span of their growing up years – can read it, just like with a book in the bookshelf of your family room.

©2021 Riëtte De Kock (Fielies De Kock)

Riëtte De Kock (Fielies De Kock) lives in a coastal village in the Overberg region, South Africa, with her husband and two dogs in an old heritage house and their freelance-writer son in the garden cottage. Fielies’ other books and eBooks are available here.

The Cat is out of the Hat – History is Repeating Itself

I normally write blog entries about things that I love and find interesting and almost never rant here. I have decided today though, to speak a bit of my mind, because I am worried about where ‘we’ are going with freedom in this world of ours.

By now every reader had probably heard about certain Dr Seuss books being withdrawn from the market. You can find out about it here: https://www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-56250658

I don’t know why we always have to be seen as ‘left’ or ‘right’ when we raise an opinion. What happened to be decent, having common sense, choosing the midway? Sometimes things are not just black or white, but actually grey or yellow or purple or blue or orange with green dots. This is after all something liberal thinkers fought for throughout the centuries! Many even died for it!

(Maybe it is because we are mostly exposed to/dependant on American commentary and entertainment and they – the biggest democracy in the world – has only two political choices available – either Democrat or Republican! You guessed it – left or right. The in-between parties are for all practical purposes non-existent. And maybe this – their political choice – had spiralled downwards into every other inch of society. But, that’s just my [in-between] opinion.)

I look at events these days and think that modern liberal thinkers had lost the plot, because one see more and more Nazi-like censorship from liberal (!) sources everywhere. It makes me sad, and frankly, quite scared. Like the SS did in the 1930s, we are being told what to believe, what to discard, what is right, what is wrong etc. and this is all done under the flag of political (and social) correctness. And by doing so, they kill those fighters for freedom of speech all over again!

What happened to common sense? What happened to reading literature in context and then have discussions over it instead of just banning authors. Isn’t that one of the reasons why we read? How will our children learn to think critically if they don’t have access to read (even politically incorrect) literature and ask questions about it? Do ‘we’ want to raise little obedient, non-thinking, political-correct robot people? It seems more and more that it is coming to this.

Are ‘we’ back to burning books again? Yes, ‘we’ are. ‘We’ have just burned Dr Seuss books.

History is repeating itself.

This Dr Seuss-like story is a reply to the sad affair by author Laura Ainsworth: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=8N6RiNuMAX8. Quite sharp I thought.

(WARNING: This is not socially or politically correct reading.)

Let your Characters Reveal Themselves to you

By Fielies de Kock

I am always amazed by how my characters can surprise me. Just this morning I wrote a flash fiction story. Yesterday the ending of the story popped into my head. I decided to write it on my phone last night whilst in bed, but I was too lazy to figure out the plot details. This morning I decided to sit down and labour over it a bit. I knew the ending was words uttered by a soldier in a war, but I had no idea about how I was going to get there.  But when I started writing, Uwe, the protagonist turned out to be a dentist in the German Army during WW2 who was experiencing a crossroads moment. I didn’t make Uwe up. He created himself before my mind’s eyes. All I had to do was to start writing a few words. The moment Uwe was ‘born’, he developed a life and a voice of his own.

The same happened years back when I started writing a novel (which is still only two thirds into the creating phase of the writing process). I wrote a chapter in which the two main characters – a couple – invited a new friend over for dinner. This friend plays the other main character in the story and they were chatting away soon enough. At that stage, all I knew about my couple was that they previously had a relationship, were reunited and were engaged now. During the dinner conversation I learned that they both left South Africa at different times to work on kibbutzim in Israel. They eventually ended up at the same kibbutz, fell in love, got pregnant, lost their baby girl in a bus bomb during an intifada and then the woman went home brokenhearted. They met again years later after she got divorced from her abusing husband and finally had counselling – and were now sitting, engaged to be married, at a dinner table, telling their new friend – and most importantly, me – their whole story. I was flabbergasted by my characters’ secrets. I really didn’t know all those things about them until that scene.

Listen to your Characters

So the moral of the two stories is to learn to sit back and let your characters do the talking – literally! We live in a world of helicopter parenting, controlling our every move to the finest detail and fomo, and writers sometimes tend to overkill on character development to a point of stereotyping (just watch any Hollywood movie) – like the police detective whose boss hates him, is divorced/getting divorced, has a drug/drinking problem, is an absent father and has a heart which is just waiting to attack him. Where are the out-of-the-ordinary detectives who are kind-hearted, crochet with their grandmothers, are happily married, romantic husbands etc? Are they really too boring to write stories about or are we are just too lazy to work out great story lines for them? (And there’s another challenging story idea right there! Don’t steal it – it’s mine!)

We should sometimes just sit back and just listen to our characters telling us who they really are. Maybe they have more to offer than the one dimensional stereotype we so often mould them into.

How do you Listen to your Characters?

Go about your character developing the way you normally do. Give them their eye and hair colour, pet peeves, characteristics, likes, weaknesses, family ties, problems etcetera, as much as you like, but don’t limit their back stories because of your own preconceptions. Put them in different circumstances and see how they react. Listen to how they talk to other characters and to what they tell them. You might be stunned at what they might reveal. The best way to do this is to sit down and whether you write to a strict outline or if you are off-the-cuffing it, free write your scenes. Follow these guidelines.

  • Don’t think too much or wait until you have everything figured out before you start writing. If your character do or say things that you didn’t plan, let him/her without interrupting or censoring them.
  • Explore the character by keep writing. Don’t hesitate if weird things flow from your pen or keys and don’t stop writing for even a second! And never, ever stop to correct anything until the free writing is over! Allow freewriting sessions of at least ten minutes per character.
  • Write whatever comes to mind – even if it scares you a bit or if you didn’t plan things the way it plays out. You can always adapt the story line later or edit some of what you have written. It is better to have and to do away with than not to have at all!
  • Trust your instincts (or those of your characters), because when you free write, your instincts take over and most of the time we write better this way than when we are forced to write according to a plan.
  • Just keep going until you reach a point where it feels as if it is done – even if it takes longer than the time allotted for the session.
  • Don’t edit immediately after writing. Leave your work until the next day or even a few days later. This will give you time to think about the revelations you characters made and how it will influence the plot and your story line and if everything still fits in the greater plan. Most of the time you will be pleasantly surprised. If you really find after rereading your work that it is not the case or that it really is a bunch of Charlie Romeo Alpha Papa, you can always delete what you don’t like and/or edit it until you are happy.

Learn to start trusting your characters to reveal themselves to you. You might discover a whole new approach to character development for future use.

© 2019 Fielies De Kock

Awesomest wife. Finest mom. Hopefullest writer. Foreverest dreamer. Living in a coastal village in the Overberg, South Africa, with her husband and two dogs in a small heritage house, and their adult, graduate, job-seeking son in the garden cottage. His CV is available on request. 🙂